The previous UPR of Chile (2014) did not include any recommendations with explicit references to the Internet. Nonetheless, Chile accepted several recommendations on issues related to the focus of our submissions, human rights in digital context, and co-sponsored Human Rights Council resolutions 38/7 “The promotion, protection and enjoyment of human rights on the Internet”, 38/5 “Accelerating efforts to eliminate violence against women and girls: preventing and responding to violence against women and girls in digital contexts”, and 34/7 “The right to privacy in the digital age”.1
Recognize online gender-based violence as part of the continuum of structural, system gender-based discrimination and ensure that all responses are in compliance with Chile’s international human rights obligations. Review and revise laws, policies and regulations to address violence against women in digital contexts, in compliance with international human rights obligations.
Implement policies to promote the creation of online enabling environments for the use of ICTs to guarantee the enjoyment of human rights, particularly in marginalized groups such as indigenous groups, rural populations, and women.
Guarantee, and promote, the right to privacy, both online and offline, in compliance with Chile’s international human rights obligations.
Guarantee, and promote, the rights to freedom of expression, freedom of association and peaceful assembly, both online and offline, in compliance with Chile’s international human rights obligations.
Establish regulatory frameworks that have clearly defined and limited mandates for retention of communications data, and order judicial oversight in their individual request and delivery.
Promote, through its National Action Plan on Human Rights and Businesses, the responsible use of ICTs by private companies, including by conducting human rights impact evaluations in each stage of their operations.
Limit the collection and use of personal data for the implementation of public policies and the provision of public services to data that is necessary and proportional to the legitimate purpose pursued, by conducting a human rights impact assessment, and transparent participatory processes prior its implementation.